Commit 6ead0d2f authored by Paul Sokolovsky's avatar Paul Sokolovsky
Browse files

objtype: Implement basic framework for subclassing native types.

This implements checking of base types, allocation and basic initialization,
and optimized support for special method lookups. Other features are not yet
supported.
parent 186e463a
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>
......@@ -9,6 +11,13 @@
#include "runtime0.h"
#include "runtime.h"
#if 0 // print debugging info
#define DEBUG_PRINT (1)
#define DEBUG_printf DEBUG_printf
#else // don't print debugging info
#define DEBUG_printf(...) (void)0
#endif
/******************************************************************************/
// class object
// creating an instance of a class makes one of these objects
......@@ -16,19 +25,65 @@
typedef struct _mp_obj_class_t {
mp_obj_base_t base;
mp_map_t members;
mp_obj_t subobj[];
// TODO maybe cache __getattr__ and __setattr__ for efficient lookup of them
} mp_obj_class_t;
STATIC mp_obj_t mp_obj_new_class(mp_obj_t class) {
mp_obj_class_t *o = m_new_obj(mp_obj_class_t);
#define is_native_type(type) ((type)->make_new != class_make_new)
STATIC mp_obj_t class_make_new(mp_obj_t self_in, uint n_args, uint n_kw, const mp_obj_t *args);
STATIC mp_obj_t mp_obj_new_class(mp_obj_t class, uint subobjs) {
mp_obj_class_t *o = m_new_obj_var(mp_obj_class_t, mp_obj_t, subobjs);
o->base.type = class;
mp_map_init(&o->members, 0);
mp_seq_clear(o->subobj, 0, subobjs, sizeof(*o->subobj));
return o;
}
STATIC int class_count_native_bases(const mp_obj_type_t *type, const mp_obj_type_t **last_native_base) {
uint len;
mp_obj_t *items;
mp_obj_tuple_get(type->bases_tuple, &len, &items);
int count = 0;
for (uint i = 0; i < len; i++) {
assert(MP_OBJ_IS_TYPE(items[i], &mp_type_type));
if (is_native_type((const mp_obj_type_t *)items[i])) {
*last_native_base = items[i];
count++;
} else {
count += class_count_native_bases(items[i], last_native_base);
}
}
return count;
}
// TODO
// This implements depth-first left-to-right MRO, which is not compliant with Python3 MRO
// http://python-history.blogspot.com/2010/06/method-resolution-order.html
// https://www.python.org/download/releases/2.3/mro/
//
// will return MP_OBJ_NULL if not found
STATIC mp_obj_t mp_obj_class_lookup(const mp_obj_type_t *type, qstr attr) {
// will return MP_OBJ_SENTINEL if special method was found in a native type base
// via slot id (meth_offset). As there can be only one native base, it's known that it
// applies to instance->subobj[0]. In most cases, we also don't need to know which type
// it was - because instance->subobj[0] is of that type. The only exception is when
// object is not yet constructed, then we need to know base native type to construct
// instance->subobj[0]. This case is handled via class_count_native_bases() though.
STATIC mp_obj_t mp_obj_class_lookup(const mp_obj_type_t *type, qstr attr, machine_uint_t meth_offset) {
for (;;) {
// Optimize special method lookup for native types
// This avoids extra method_name => slot lookup. On the other hand,
// this should not be applied to class types, as will result in extra
// lookup either.
if (meth_offset != 0 && is_native_type(type)) {
if (*(void**)((char*)type + meth_offset) != NULL) {
DEBUG_printf("mp_obj_class_lookup: matched special meth slot for %s\n", qstr_str(attr));
return MP_OBJ_SENTINEL;
}
}
if (type->locals_dict != NULL) {
// search locals_dict (the set of methods/attributes)
assert(MP_OBJ_IS_TYPE(type->locals_dict, &mp_type_dict)); // Micro Python restriction, for now
......@@ -54,7 +109,7 @@ STATIC mp_obj_t mp_obj_class_lookup(const mp_obj_type_t *type, qstr attr) {
}
for (uint i = 0; i < len - 1; i++) {
assert(MP_OBJ_IS_TYPE(items[i], &mp_type_type));
mp_obj_t obj = mp_obj_class_lookup((mp_obj_type_t*)items[i], attr);
mp_obj_t obj = mp_obj_class_lookup((mp_obj_type_t*)items[i], attr, meth_offset);
if (obj != MP_OBJ_NULL) {
return obj;
}
......@@ -69,10 +124,15 @@ STATIC mp_obj_t mp_obj_class_lookup(const mp_obj_type_t *type, qstr attr) {
STATIC void class_print(void (*print)(void *env, const char *fmt, ...), void *env, mp_obj_t self_in, mp_print_kind_t kind) {
mp_obj_class_t *self = self_in;
qstr meth = (kind == PRINT_STR) ? MP_QSTR___str__ : MP_QSTR___repr__;
mp_obj_t member = mp_obj_class_lookup(self->base.type, meth);
mp_obj_t member = mp_obj_class_lookup(self->base.type, meth, offsetof(mp_obj_type_t, print));
if (member == MP_OBJ_NULL && kind == PRINT_STR) {
// If there's no __str__, fall back to __repr__
member = mp_obj_class_lookup(self->base.type, MP_QSTR___repr__);
member = mp_obj_class_lookup(self->base.type, MP_QSTR___repr__, 0);
}
if (member == MP_OBJ_SENTINEL) {
mp_obj_print_helper(print, env, self->subobj[0], kind);
return;
}
if (member != MP_OBJ_NULL) {
......@@ -89,13 +149,25 @@ STATIC mp_obj_t class_make_new(mp_obj_t self_in, uint n_args, uint n_kw, const m
assert(MP_OBJ_IS_TYPE(self_in, &mp_type_type));
mp_obj_type_t *self = self_in;
mp_obj_t o = mp_obj_new_class(self_in);
const mp_obj_type_t *native_base;
uint num_native_bases = class_count_native_bases(self, &native_base);
assert(num_native_bases < 2);
// look for __init__ function
mp_obj_t init_fn = mp_obj_class_lookup(self, MP_QSTR___init__);
mp_obj_class_t *o = mp_obj_new_class(self_in, num_native_bases);
if (init_fn != MP_OBJ_NULL) {
// call __init__ function
// look for __init__ function
mp_obj_t init_fn = mp_obj_class_lookup(self, MP_QSTR___init__, offsetof(mp_obj_type_t, make_new));
if (init_fn == MP_OBJ_SENTINEL) {
// Native type's constructor is what wins - it gets all our arguments,
// and none Python classes are initialized at all.
o->subobj[0] = native_base->make_new((mp_obj_type_t*)native_base, n_args, n_kw, args);
} else if (init_fn != MP_OBJ_NULL) {
// We need to default-initialize any native subobjs first
if (num_native_bases > 0) {
o->subobj[0] = native_base->make_new((mp_obj_type_t*)native_base, 0, 0, NULL);
}
// now call Python class __init__ function with all args
mp_obj_t init_ret;
if (n_args == 0 && n_kw == 0) {
init_ret = mp_call_function_n_kw(init_fn, 1, 0, (mp_obj_t*)&o);
......@@ -111,9 +183,8 @@ STATIC mp_obj_t class_make_new(mp_obj_t self_in, uint n_args, uint n_kw, const m
}
} else {
// TODO
if (n_args != 0) {
nlr_raise(mp_obj_new_exception_msg_varg(&mp_type_TypeError, "function takes 0 positional arguments but %d were given", n_args));
nlr_raise(mp_obj_new_exception_msg_varg(&mp_type_TypeError, "object() takes no parameters"));
}
}
......@@ -132,11 +203,15 @@ STATIC const qstr unary_op_method_name[] = {
STATIC mp_obj_t class_unary_op(int op, mp_obj_t self_in) {
mp_obj_class_t *self = self_in;
qstr op_name = unary_op_method_name[op];
/* Still try to lookup native slot
if (op_name == 0) {
return MP_OBJ_NOT_SUPPORTED;
}
mp_obj_t member = mp_obj_class_lookup(self->base.type, op_name);
if (member != MP_OBJ_NULL) {
*/
mp_obj_t member = mp_obj_class_lookup(self->base.type, op_name, offsetof(mp_obj_type_t, unary_op));
if (member == MP_OBJ_SENTINEL) {
return mp_unary_op(op, self->subobj[0]);
} else if (member != MP_OBJ_NULL) {
return mp_call_function_1(member, self_in);
} else {
return MP_OBJ_NOT_SUPPORTED;
......@@ -210,11 +285,15 @@ STATIC mp_obj_t class_binary_op(int op, mp_obj_t lhs_in, mp_obj_t rhs_in) {
// __getattr__ or __getattribute__. It only looks in the class dictionary.
mp_obj_class_t *lhs = lhs_in;
qstr op_name = binary_op_method_name[op];
/* Still try to lookup native slot
if (op_name == 0) {
return MP_OBJ_NOT_SUPPORTED;
}
mp_obj_t member = mp_obj_class_lookup(lhs->base.type, op_name);
if (member != MP_OBJ_NULL) {
*/
mp_obj_t member = mp_obj_class_lookup(lhs->base.type, op_name, offsetof(mp_obj_type_t, binary_op));
if (member == MP_OBJ_SENTINEL) {
return mp_binary_op(op, lhs->subobj[0], rhs_in);
} else if (member != MP_OBJ_NULL) {
mp_obj_t dest[3];
dest[1] = MP_OBJ_NULL;
class_convert_return_attr(lhs_in, member, dest);
......@@ -237,7 +316,7 @@ STATIC void class_load_attr(mp_obj_t self_in, qstr attr, mp_obj_t *dest) {
return;
}
mp_obj_t member = mp_obj_class_lookup(self->base.type, attr);
mp_obj_t member = mp_obj_class_lookup(self->base.type, attr, 0);
if (member != MP_OBJ_NULL) {
if (0) {
#if MICROPY_ENABLE_PROPERTY
......@@ -280,7 +359,7 @@ STATIC bool class_store_attr(mp_obj_t self_in, qstr attr, mp_obj_t value) {
#if MICROPY_ENABLE_PROPERTY
// for property, we need to do a lookup first in the class dict
// this makes all stores slow... how to fix?
mp_obj_t member = mp_obj_class_lookup(self->base.type, attr);
mp_obj_t member = mp_obj_class_lookup(self->base.type, attr, 0);
if (member != MP_OBJ_NULL && MP_OBJ_IS_TYPE(member, &mp_type_property)) {
// attribute already exists and is a property
// delegate the store to the property
......@@ -313,18 +392,20 @@ STATIC mp_obj_t class_subscr(mp_obj_t self_in, mp_obj_t index, mp_obj_t value) {
uint meth_args;
if (value == MP_OBJ_NULL) {
// delete item
member = mp_obj_class_lookup(self->base.type, MP_QSTR___delitem__);
member = mp_obj_class_lookup(self->base.type, MP_QSTR___delitem__, offsetof(mp_obj_type_t, subscr));
meth_args = 2;
} else if (value == MP_OBJ_SENTINEL) {
// load item
member = mp_obj_class_lookup(self->base.type, MP_QSTR___getitem__);
member = mp_obj_class_lookup(self->base.type, MP_QSTR___getitem__, offsetof(mp_obj_type_t, subscr));
meth_args = 2;
} else {
// store item
member = mp_obj_class_lookup(self->base.type, MP_QSTR___setitem__);
member = mp_obj_class_lookup(self->base.type, MP_QSTR___setitem__, offsetof(mp_obj_type_t, subscr));
meth_args = 3;
}
if (member != MP_OBJ_NULL) {
if (member == MP_OBJ_SENTINEL) {
return mp_obj_subscr(self->subobj[0], index, value);
} else if (member != MP_OBJ_NULL) {
mp_obj_t args[3] = {self_in, index, value};
// TODO probably need to call class_convert_return_attr, and use mp_call_method_n_kw
mp_obj_t ret = mp_call_function_n_kw(member, meth_args, 0, args);
......@@ -340,10 +421,13 @@ STATIC mp_obj_t class_subscr(mp_obj_t self_in, mp_obj_t index, mp_obj_t value) {
STATIC mp_obj_t class_call(mp_obj_t self_in, uint n_args, uint n_kw, const mp_obj_t *args) {
mp_obj_class_t *self = self_in;
mp_obj_t member = mp_obj_class_lookup(self->base.type, MP_QSTR___call__);
mp_obj_t member = mp_obj_class_lookup(self->base.type, MP_QSTR___call__, offsetof(mp_obj_type_t, call));
if (member == MP_OBJ_NULL) {
return member;
}
if (member == MP_OBJ_SENTINEL) {
return mp_call_function_n_kw(self->subobj[0], n_args, n_kw, args);
}
mp_obj_t meth = mp_obj_new_bound_meth(member, self);
return mp_call_function_n_kw(meth, n_args, n_kw, args);
}
......@@ -403,7 +487,7 @@ STATIC void type_load_attr(mp_obj_t self_in, qstr attr, mp_obj_t *dest) {
return;
}
#endif
mp_obj_t member = mp_obj_class_lookup(self, attr);
mp_obj_t member = mp_obj_class_lookup(self, attr, 0);
if (member != MP_OBJ_NULL) {
// check if the methods are functions, static or class methods
// see http://docs.python.org/3.3/howto/descriptor.html
......@@ -474,6 +558,20 @@ const mp_obj_type_t mp_type_type = {
mp_obj_t mp_obj_new_type(qstr name, mp_obj_t bases_tuple, mp_obj_t locals_dict) {
assert(MP_OBJ_IS_TYPE(bases_tuple, &mp_type_tuple)); // Micro Python restriction, for now
assert(MP_OBJ_IS_TYPE(locals_dict, &mp_type_dict)); // Micro Python restriction, for now
// Basic validation of base classes
uint len;
mp_obj_t *items;
mp_obj_tuple_get(bases_tuple, &len, &items);
for (uint i = 0; i < len; i++) {
assert(MP_OBJ_IS_TYPE(items[i], &mp_type_type));
mp_obj_type_t *t = items[i];
// TODO: Verify with CPy, tested on function type
if (t->make_new == NULL) {
nlr_raise(mp_obj_new_exception_msg_varg(&mp_type_TypeError, "type '%s' is not an acceptable base type", qstr_str(t->name)));
}
}
mp_obj_type_t *o = m_new0(mp_obj_type_t, 1);
o->base.type = &mp_type_type;
o->name = name;
......@@ -487,6 +585,13 @@ mp_obj_t mp_obj_new_type(qstr name, mp_obj_t bases_tuple, mp_obj_t locals_dict)
o->call = class_call;
o->bases_tuple = bases_tuple;
o->locals_dict = locals_dict;
const mp_obj_type_t *native_base;
uint num_native_bases = class_count_native_bases(o, &native_base);
if (num_native_bases > 1) {
nlr_raise(mp_obj_new_exception_msg(&mp_type_TypeError, "multiple bases have instance lay-out conflict"));
}
return o;
}
......@@ -536,7 +641,7 @@ STATIC void super_load_attr(mp_obj_t self_in, qstr attr, mp_obj_t *dest) {
mp_obj_tuple_get(type->bases_tuple, &len, &items);
for (uint i = 0; i < len; i++) {
assert(MP_OBJ_IS_TYPE(items[i], &mp_type_type));
mp_obj_t member = mp_obj_class_lookup((mp_obj_type_t*)items[i], attr);
mp_obj_t member = mp_obj_class_lookup((mp_obj_type_t*)items[i], attr, 0);
if (member != MP_OBJ_NULL) {
class_convert_return_attr(self->obj, member, dest);
return;
......
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