Commit 66ae8c9f authored by Damien George's avatar Damien George
Browse files

py: Tidy up variables in VM, probably fixes subtle bugs.

Things get tricky when using the nlr code to catch exceptions.  Need to
ensure that the variables (stack layout) in the exception handler are
the same as in the bit protected by the exception handler.

Prior to this patch there were a few bugs.  1) The constant
mp_const_MemoryError_obj was being preloaded to a specific location on
the stack at the start of the function.  But this location on the stack
was being overwritten in the opcode loop (since it didn't think that
variable would ever be referenced again), and so when an exception
occurred, the variable holding the address of MemoryError was corrupt.
2) The FOR_ITER opcode detection in the exception handler used sp, which
may or may not contain the right value coming out of the main opcode

With this patch there is a clear separation of variables used in the
opcode loop and in the exception handler (should fix issue (2) above).
Furthermore, nlr_raise is no longer used in the opcode loop.  Instead,
it jumps directly into the exception handler.  This tells the C compiler
more about the possible code flow, and means that it should have the
same stack layout for the exception handler.  This should fix issue (1)
above.  Indeed, the generated (ARM) assembler has been checked explicitly,
and with 'goto exception_handler', the problem with &MemoryError is

This may now fix problems with rge-sm, and probably many other subtle
bugs yet to show themselves.  Incidentally, rge-sm now passes on
pyboard (with a reduced range of integration)!

Main lesson: nlr is tricky.  Don't use nlr_push unless you know what you
are doing!  Luckily, it's not used in many places.  Using nlr_raise/jump
is fine.
parent 8bcb9861
......@@ -165,8 +165,6 @@ mp_vm_return_kind_t mp_execute_byte_code_2(const byte *code_info, const byte **i
mp_obj_t *fastn, mp_obj_t **sp_in_out,
mp_exc_stack_t *exc_stack, mp_exc_stack_t **exc_sp_in_out,
volatile mp_obj_t inject_exc) {
// careful: be sure to declare volatile any variables read in the exception handler (written is ok, I think)
#include "vmentrytable.h"
#define DISPATCH() do { \
......@@ -182,32 +180,43 @@ mp_vm_return_kind_t mp_execute_byte_code_2(const byte *code_info, const byte **i
#define ENTRY_DEFAULT default
int op = 0;
const byte *ip = *ip_in_out;
mp_obj_t *sp = *sp_in_out;
machine_uint_t unum;
qstr qst;
mp_obj_t obj1, obj2;
nlr_buf_t nlr;
// nlr_raise needs to be implemented as a goto, so that the C compiler's flow analyser
// sees that it's possible for us to jump from the dispatch loop to the exception
// handler. Without this, the code may have a different stack layout in the dispatch
// loop and the exception handler, leading to very obscure bugs.
#define RAISE(o) do { nlr_pop(); nlr.ret_val = o; goto exception_handler; } while(0)
// variables that are visible to the exception handler (declared volatile)
volatile bool currently_in_except_block = MP_TAGPTR_TAG(*exc_sp_in_out); // 0 or 1, to detect nested exceptions
mp_exc_stack_t *volatile exc_sp = MP_TAGPTR_PTR(*exc_sp_in_out); // stack grows up, exc_sp points to top of stack
const byte *volatile save_ip = ip; // this is so we can access ip in the exception handler without making ip volatile (which means the compiler can't keep it in a register in the main loop)
const byte *volatile save_ip = *ip_in_out; // this is so we can access ip in the exception handler without making ip volatile (which means the compiler can't keep it in a register in the main loop)
mp_obj_t *volatile save_sp = *sp_in_out; // this is so we can access sp in the exception handler when needed
// outer exception handling loop
for (;;) {
nlr_buf_t nlr;
if (nlr_push(&nlr) == 0) {
// local variables that are not visible to the exception handler
byte op = 0;
const byte *ip = *ip_in_out;
mp_obj_t *sp = *sp_in_out;
machine_uint_t unum;
qstr qst;
mp_obj_t obj1, obj2;
// If we have exception to inject, now that we finish setting up
// execution context, raise it. This works as if RAISE_VARARGS
// bytecode was executed.
// Injecting exc into yield from generator is a special case,
// handled by MP_BC_YIELD_FROM itself
if (inject_exc != MP_OBJ_NULL && *ip != MP_BC_YIELD_FROM) {
mp_obj_t t = inject_exc;
obj1 = inject_exc;
inject_exc = MP_OBJ_NULL;
obj1 = mp_make_raise_obj(obj1);
// loop to execute byte code
for (;;) {
......@@ -297,7 +306,8 @@ dispatch_loop:
if (obj1 == MP_OBJ_NULL) {
nlr_raise(mp_obj_new_exception_msg(&mp_type_NameError, "local variable referenced before assignment"));
obj1 = mp_obj_new_exception_msg(&mp_type_NameError, "local variable referenced before assignment");
......@@ -580,7 +590,7 @@ unwind_jump:
// if TOS is an integer, does something else
// else error
if (mp_obj_is_exception_type(TOP())) {
if (TOP() == mp_const_none) {
......@@ -606,6 +616,7 @@ unwind_jump:
DECODE_ULABEL; // the jump offset if iteration finishes; for labels are always forward
save_sp = sp;
obj1 = mp_iternext_allow_raise(TOP());
if (obj1 == MP_OBJ_NULL) {
--sp; // pop the exhausted iterator
......@@ -829,12 +840,14 @@ unwind_return:
if (obj1 == MP_OBJ_NULL) {
nlr_raise(mp_obj_new_exception_msg(&mp_type_RuntimeError, "No active exception to reraise"));
obj1 = mp_obj_new_exception_msg(&mp_type_RuntimeError, "No active exception to reraise");
} else {
obj1 = POP();
obj1 = mp_make_raise_obj(obj1);
......@@ -847,7 +860,7 @@ yield:
//#define EXC_MATCH(exc, type) MP_OBJ_IS_TYPE(exc, type)
#define EXC_MATCH(exc, type) mp_obj_exception_match(exc, type)
#define GENERATOR_EXIT_IF_NEEDED(t) if (t != MP_OBJ_NULL && EXC_MATCH(t, &mp_type_GeneratorExit)) { nlr_raise(t); }
#define GENERATOR_EXIT_IF_NEEDED(t) if (t != MP_OBJ_NULL && EXC_MATCH(t, &mp_type_GeneratorExit)) { RAISE(t); }
mp_vm_return_kind_t ret_kind;
obj1 = POP();
mp_obj_t t_exc = MP_OBJ_NULL;
......@@ -890,7 +903,7 @@ yield:
} else {
......@@ -912,25 +925,27 @@ yield:
printf("code %p, byte code 0x%02x not implemented\n", ip, op);
obj1 = mp_obj_new_exception_msg(&mp_type_NotImplementedError, "byte code not implemented");
fastn[0] = obj1;
} // switch
} // for loop
} else {
// exception occurred
// check if it's a StopIteration within a for block
if (*save_ip == MP_BC_FOR_ITER && mp_obj_is_subclass_fast(mp_obj_get_type(nlr.ret_val), &mp_type_StopIteration)) {
ip = save_ip + 1;
const byte *ip = save_ip + 1;
machine_uint_t unum;
DECODE_ULABEL; // the jump offset if iteration finishes; for labels are always forward
--sp; // pop the exhausted iterator
ip += unum; // jump to after for-block
*ip_in_out = ip + unum; // jump to after for-block
*sp_in_out = save_sp - 1; // pop the exhausted iterator
goto outer_dispatch_loop; // continue with dispatch loop
......@@ -969,14 +984,15 @@ yield:
currently_in_except_block = 1;
// catch exception and pass to byte code
sp = MP_TAGPTR_PTR(exc_sp->val_sp);
ip = exc_sp->handler;
*ip_in_out = exc_sp->handler;
mp_obj_t *sp = MP_TAGPTR_PTR(exc_sp->val_sp);
// save this exception in the stack so it can be used in a reraise, if needed
exc_sp->prev_exc = nlr.ret_val;
// push(traceback, exc-val, exc-type)
*sp_in_out = sp;
} else {
// propagate exception to higher level
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