machine.UART.rst 4.43 KB
Newer Older
1
.. currentmodule:: machine
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17

class UART -- duplex serial communication bus
=============================================

UART implements the standard UART/USART duplex serial communications protocol.  At
the physical level it consists of 2 lines: RX and TX.  The unit of communication
is a character (not to be confused with a string character) which can be 8 or 9
bits wide.

UART objects can be created and initialised using::

    from machine import UART

    uart = UART(1, 9600)                         # init with given baudrate
    uart.init(9600, bits=8, parity=None, stop=1) # init with given parameters

18
Supported paramters differ on a board:
19

20
21
22
Pyboard: Bits can be 7, 8 or 9. Stop can be 1 or 2. With `parity=None`,
only 8 and 9 bits are supported.  With parity enabled, only 7 and 8 bits
are supported.
23

24
WiPy/CC3200: Bits can be 5, 6, 7, 8. Stop can be 1 or 2.
25
26
27
28
29

A UART object acts like a stream object and reading and writing is done
using the standard stream methods::

    uart.read(10)       # read 10 characters, returns a bytes object
30
    uart.read()         # read all available characters
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
    uart.readline()     # read a line
    uart.readinto(buf)  # read and store into the given buffer
    uart.write('abc')   # write the 3 characters

Constructors
------------

38
.. class:: UART(id, ...)
39

40
   Construct a UART object of the given id.
41
42
43
44
45
46

Methods
-------

.. only:: port_wipy

47
    .. method:: UART.init(baudrate=9600, bits=8, parity=None, stop=1, \*, pins=(TX, RX, RTS, CTS))
48
49
50
51
52
    
       Initialise the UART bus with the given parameters:
    
         - ``baudrate`` is the clock rate.
         - ``bits`` is the number of bits per character, 7, 8 or 9.
53
         - ``parity`` is the parity, ``None``, 0 (even) or 1 (odd).
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
         - ``stop`` is the number of stop bits, 1 or 2.
         - ``pins`` is a 4 or 2 item list indicating the TX, RX, RTS and CTS pins (in that order).
           Any of the pins can be None if one wants the UART to operate with limited functionality.
           If the RTS pin is given the the RX pin must be given as well. The same applies to CTS. 
           When no pins are given, then the default set of TX and RX pins is taken, and hardware 
           flow control will be disabled. If pins=None, no pin assignment will be made.

61
.. method:: UART.deinit()
62

63
   Turn off the UART bus.
64

65
.. method:: UART.any()
66

67
68
   Return true value if there're characters available for reading. On some
   boards, the number of available characters is returned.
69

70
.. method:: UART.read([nbytes])
71

72
73
   Read characters.  If ``nbytes`` is specified then read at most that many bytes,
   otherwise read as much data as possible.
74

75
   Return value: a bytes object containing the bytes read in.  Returns ``None``
76
77
   on timeout.

78
.. method:: UART.readinto(buf[, nbytes])
79
80
81
82

   Read bytes into the ``buf``.  If ``nbytes`` is specified then read at most
   that many bytes.  Otherwise, read at most ``len(buf)`` bytes.

83
84
   Return value: number of bytes read and stored into ``buf`` or ``None`` on
   timeout.
85

86
.. method:: UART.readline()
87
88
89

   Read a line, ending in a newline character.

90
   Return value: the line read or ``None`` on timeout.
91

92
.. method:: UART.write(buf)
93
94
95

   Write the buffer of bytes to the bus.

96
   Return value: number of bytes written or ``None`` on timeout.
97

98
.. method:: UART.sendbreak()
99

100
101
   Send a break condition on the bus. This drives the bus low for a duration
   longer than required for a normal transmission of a character.
102
103
104

.. only:: port_wipy

105
    .. method:: UART.irq(trigger, priority=1, handler=None, wake=machine.IDLE)
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125

       Create a callback to be triggered when data is received on the UART.

           - ``trigger`` can only be ``UART.RX_ANY``
           - ``priority`` level of the interrupt. Can take values in the range 1-7.
             Higher values represent higher priorities.
           - ``handler`` an optional function to be called when new characters arrive.
           - ``wake`` can only be ``machine.IDLE``.

       .. note::

          The handler will be called whenever any of the following two conditions are met:

              - 8 new characters have been received.
              - At least 1 new character is waiting in the Rx buffer and the Rx line has been
                silent for the duration of 1 complete frame.

          This means that when the handler function is called there will be between 1 to 8 
          characters waiting.

126
       Returns an irq object.
127

128
129
    Constants
    ---------
130

131
    .. data:: UART.RX_ANY
132

133
        IRQ trigger sources