sdcard.c 15.5 KB
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/*
 * This file is part of the Micro Python project, http://micropython.org/
 *
 * The MIT License (MIT)
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2013, 2014 Damien P. George
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
 * THE SOFTWARE.
 */

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#include "py/nlr.h"
#include "py/runtime.h"
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#include "lib/fatfs/ff.h"
#include "extmod/fsusermount.h"

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#include "sdcard.h"
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#include "pin.h"
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#include "genhdr/pins.h"
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#include "bufhelper.h"
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#include "dma.h"
#include "irq.h"
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#if MICROPY_HW_HAS_SDCARD
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#if defined(MCU_SERIES_F7)

// The F7 series calls the peripheral SDMMC rather than SDIO, so provide some
// #defines for backwards compatability.

#define SDIO    SDMMC1

#define SDIO_CLOCK_EDGE_RISING              SDMMC_CLOCK_EDGE_RISING
#define SDIO_CLOCK_EDGE_FALLING             SDMMC_CLOCK_EDGE_FALLING

#define SDIO_CLOCK_BYPASS_DISABLE           SDMMC_CLOCK_BYPASS_DISABLE
#define SDIO_CLOCK_BYPASS_ENABLE            SDMMC_CLOCK_BYPASS_ENABLE

#define SDIO_CLOCK_POWER_SAVE_DISABLE       SDMMC_CLOCK_POWER_SAVE_DISABLE
#define SDIO_CLOCK_POWER_SAVE_ENABLE        SDMMC_CLOCK_POWER_SAVE_ENABLE

#define SDIO_BUS_WIDE_1B                    SDMMC_BUS_WIDE_1B
#define SDIO_BUS_WIDE_4B                    SDMMC_BUS_WIDE_4B
#define SDIO_BUS_WIDE_8B                    SDMMC_BUS_WIDE_8B

#define SDIO_HARDWARE_FLOW_CONTROL_DISABLE  SDMMC_HARDWARE_FLOW_CONTROL_DISABLE
#define SDIO_HARDWARE_FLOW_CONTROL_ENABLE   SDMMC_HARDWARE_FLOW_CONTROL_ENABLE

#define SDIO_TRANSFER_CLK_DIV               SDMMC_TRANSFER_CLK_DIV

#endif

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// TODO: Since SDIO is fundamentally half-duplex, we really only need to
//       tie up one DMA channel. However, the HAL DMA API doesn't
// seem to provide a convenient way to change the direction. I believe that
// its as simple as changing the CR register and the Init.Direction field
// and make DMA_SetConfig public.

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// TODO: I think that as an optimization, we can allocate these dynamically
//       if an sd card is detected. This will save approx 260 bytes of RAM
//       when no sdcard was being used.
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static SD_HandleTypeDef sd_handle;
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static DMA_HandleTypeDef sd_rx_dma, sd_tx_dma;
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// Parameters to dma_init() for SDIO tx and rx.
static const DMA_InitTypeDef dma_init_struct_sdio = {
    .Channel             = 0,
    .Direction           = 0,
    .PeriphInc           = DMA_PINC_DISABLE,
    .MemInc              = DMA_MINC_ENABLE,
    .PeriphDataAlignment = DMA_PDATAALIGN_WORD,
    .MemDataAlignment    = DMA_MDATAALIGN_WORD,
    .Mode                = DMA_PFCTRL,
    .Priority            = DMA_PRIORITY_VERY_HIGH,
    .FIFOMode            = DMA_FIFOMODE_ENABLE,
    .FIFOThreshold       = DMA_FIFO_THRESHOLD_FULL,
    .MemBurst            = DMA_MBURST_INC4,
    .PeriphBurst         = DMA_PBURST_INC4,
};
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void sdcard_init(void) {
    GPIO_InitTypeDef GPIO_Init_Structure;

    // invalidate the sd_handle
    sd_handle.Instance = NULL;

    // configure SD GPIO
    // we do this here an not in HAL_SD_MspInit because it apparently
    // makes it more robust to have the pins always pulled high
    GPIO_Init_Structure.Mode = GPIO_MODE_AF_PP;
    GPIO_Init_Structure.Pull = GPIO_PULLUP;
    GPIO_Init_Structure.Speed = GPIO_SPEED_HIGH;
    GPIO_Init_Structure.Alternate = GPIO_AF12_SDIO;
    GPIO_Init_Structure.Pin = GPIO_PIN_8 | GPIO_PIN_9 | GPIO_PIN_10 | GPIO_PIN_11 | GPIO_PIN_12;
    HAL_GPIO_Init(GPIOC, &GPIO_Init_Structure);
    GPIO_Init_Structure.Pin = GPIO_PIN_2;
    HAL_GPIO_Init(GPIOD, &GPIO_Init_Structure);

    // configure the SD card detect pin
    // we do this here so we can detect if the SD card is inserted before powering it on
    GPIO_Init_Structure.Mode = GPIO_MODE_INPUT;
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    GPIO_Init_Structure.Pull = MICROPY_HW_SDCARD_DETECT_PULL;
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    GPIO_Init_Structure.Speed = GPIO_SPEED_HIGH;
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    GPIO_Init_Structure.Pin = MICROPY_HW_SDCARD_DETECT_PIN.pin_mask;
    HAL_GPIO_Init(MICROPY_HW_SDCARD_DETECT_PIN.gpio, &GPIO_Init_Structure);
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}

void HAL_SD_MspInit(SD_HandleTypeDef *hsd) {
    // enable SDIO clock
    __SDIO_CLK_ENABLE();

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    // NVIC configuration for SDIO interrupts
    HAL_NVIC_SetPriority(SDIO_IRQn, IRQ_PRI_SDIO, IRQ_SUBPRI_SDIO);
    HAL_NVIC_EnableIRQ(SDIO_IRQn);

    // GPIO have already been initialised by sdcard_init
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}

void HAL_SD_MspDeInit(SD_HandleTypeDef *hsd) {
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    HAL_NVIC_DisableIRQ(SDIO_IRQn);
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    __SDIO_CLK_DISABLE();
}

bool sdcard_is_present(void) {
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    return HAL_GPIO_ReadPin(MICROPY_HW_SDCARD_DETECT_PIN.gpio, MICROPY_HW_SDCARD_DETECT_PIN.pin_mask) == MICROPY_HW_SDCARD_DETECT_PRESENT;
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}

bool sdcard_power_on(void) {
    if (!sdcard_is_present()) {
        return false;
    }
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    if (sd_handle.Instance) {
        return true;
    }
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    // SD device interface configuration
    sd_handle.Instance = SDIO;
    sd_handle.Init.ClockEdge           = SDIO_CLOCK_EDGE_RISING;
    sd_handle.Init.ClockBypass         = SDIO_CLOCK_BYPASS_DISABLE;
    sd_handle.Init.ClockPowerSave      = SDIO_CLOCK_POWER_SAVE_DISABLE;
    sd_handle.Init.BusWide             = SDIO_BUS_WIDE_1B;
    sd_handle.Init.HardwareFlowControl = SDIO_HARDWARE_FLOW_CONTROL_DISABLE;
    sd_handle.Init.ClockDiv            = SDIO_TRANSFER_CLK_DIV;

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    // init the SD interface, with retry if it's not ready yet
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    HAL_SD_CardInfoTypedef cardinfo;
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    for (int retry = 10; HAL_SD_Init(&sd_handle, &cardinfo) != SD_OK; retry--) {
        if (retry == 0) {
            goto error;
        }
        HAL_Delay(50);
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    }

    // configure the SD bus width for wide operation
    if (HAL_SD_WideBusOperation_Config(&sd_handle, SDIO_BUS_WIDE_4B) != SD_OK) {
        HAL_SD_DeInit(&sd_handle);
        goto error;
    }

    return true;

error:
    sd_handle.Instance = NULL;
    return false;
}

void sdcard_power_off(void) {
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    if (!sd_handle.Instance) {
        return;
    }
    HAL_SD_DeInit(&sd_handle); 
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    sd_handle.Instance = NULL;
}

uint64_t sdcard_get_capacity_in_bytes(void) {
    if (sd_handle.Instance == NULL) {
        return 0;
    }
    HAL_SD_CardInfoTypedef cardinfo;
    HAL_SD_Get_CardInfo(&sd_handle, &cardinfo);
    return cardinfo.CardCapacity;
}

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void SDIO_IRQHandler(void) {
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    IRQ_ENTER(SDIO_IRQn);
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    HAL_SD_IRQHandler(&sd_handle);
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    IRQ_EXIT(SDIO_IRQn);
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}

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mp_uint_t sdcard_read_blocks(uint8_t *dest, uint32_t block_num, uint32_t num_blocks) {
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    // check that dest pointer is aligned on a 4-byte boundary
    if (((uint32_t)dest & 3) != 0) {
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        return SD_ERROR;
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    }

    // check that SD card is initialised
    if (sd_handle.Instance == NULL) {
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        return SD_ERROR;
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    }

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    HAL_SD_ErrorTypedef err = SD_OK;
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    if (query_irq() == IRQ_STATE_ENABLED) {
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        // we must disable USB irqs to prevent MSC contention with SD card
        uint32_t basepri = raise_irq_pri(IRQ_PRI_OTG_FS);

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        dma_init(&sd_rx_dma, DMA_STREAM_SDIO_RX, &dma_init_struct_sdio,
            DMA_CHANNEL_SDIO_RX, DMA_PERIPH_TO_MEMORY, &sd_handle);
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        sd_handle.hdmarx = &sd_rx_dma;
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        err = HAL_SD_ReadBlocks_BlockNumber_DMA(&sd_handle, (uint32_t*)dest, block_num, SDCARD_BLOCK_SIZE, num_blocks);
        if (err == SD_OK) {
            // wait for DMA transfer to finish, with a large timeout
            err = HAL_SD_CheckReadOperation(&sd_handle, 100000000);
        }
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        dma_deinit(sd_handle.hdmarx);
        sd_handle.hdmarx = NULL;
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        restore_irq_pri(basepri);
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    } else {
        err = HAL_SD_ReadBlocks_BlockNumber(&sd_handle, (uint32_t*)dest, block_num, SDCARD_BLOCK_SIZE, num_blocks);
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    }

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    return err;
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}

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mp_uint_t sdcard_write_blocks(const uint8_t *src, uint32_t block_num, uint32_t num_blocks) {
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    // check that src pointer is aligned on a 4-byte boundary
    if (((uint32_t)src & 3) != 0) {
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        return SD_ERROR;
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    }

    // check that SD card is initialised
    if (sd_handle.Instance == NULL) {
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        return SD_ERROR;
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    }

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    HAL_SD_ErrorTypedef err = SD_OK;
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    if (query_irq() == IRQ_STATE_ENABLED) {
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        // we must disable USB irqs to prevent MSC contention with SD card
        uint32_t basepri = raise_irq_pri(IRQ_PRI_OTG_FS);

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        dma_init(&sd_tx_dma, DMA_STREAM_SDIO_TX, &dma_init_struct_sdio,
            DMA_CHANNEL_SDIO_TX, DMA_MEMORY_TO_PERIPH, &sd_handle);
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        sd_handle.hdmatx = &sd_tx_dma;
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        err = HAL_SD_WriteBlocks_BlockNumber_DMA(&sd_handle, (uint32_t*)src, block_num, SDCARD_BLOCK_SIZE, num_blocks);
        if (err == SD_OK) {
            // wait for DMA transfer to finish, with a large timeout
            err = HAL_SD_CheckWriteOperation(&sd_handle, 100000000);
        }
        dma_deinit(sd_handle.hdmatx);
        sd_handle.hdmatx = NULL;
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        restore_irq_pri(basepri);
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    } else {
        err = HAL_SD_WriteBlocks_BlockNumber(&sd_handle, (uint32_t*)src, block_num, SDCARD_BLOCK_SIZE, num_blocks);
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    }

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    return err;
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}

/******************************************************************************/
// Micro Python bindings
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//
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// Expose the SD card as an object with the block protocol.

// there is a singleton SDCard object
const mp_obj_base_t pyb_sdcard_obj = {&pyb_sdcard_type};

STATIC mp_obj_t pyb_sdcard_make_new(const mp_obj_type_t *type, size_t n_args, size_t n_kw, const mp_obj_t *args) {
    // check arguments
    mp_arg_check_num(n_args, n_kw, 0, 0, false);

    // return singleton object
    return (mp_obj_t)&pyb_sdcard_obj;
}
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STATIC mp_obj_t sd_present(mp_obj_t self) {
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    return mp_obj_new_bool(sdcard_is_present());
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}
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STATIC MP_DEFINE_CONST_FUN_OBJ_1(sd_present_obj, sd_present);
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STATIC mp_obj_t sd_power(mp_obj_t self, mp_obj_t state) {
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    bool result;
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    if (mp_obj_is_true(state)) {
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        result = sdcard_power_on();
    } else {
        sdcard_power_off();
        result = true;
    }
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    return mp_obj_new_bool(result);
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}
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STATIC MP_DEFINE_CONST_FUN_OBJ_2(sd_power_obj, sd_power);
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STATIC mp_obj_t sd_info(mp_obj_t self) {
    if (sd_handle.Instance == NULL) {
        return mp_const_none;
    }
    HAL_SD_CardInfoTypedef cardinfo;
    HAL_SD_Get_CardInfo(&sd_handle, &cardinfo);
    // cardinfo.SD_csd and cardinfo.SD_cid have lots of info but we don't use them
    mp_obj_t tuple[3] = {
        mp_obj_new_int_from_ull(cardinfo.CardCapacity),
        mp_obj_new_int_from_uint(cardinfo.CardBlockSize),
        mp_obj_new_int(cardinfo.CardType),
    };
    return mp_obj_new_tuple(3, tuple);
}
STATIC MP_DEFINE_CONST_FUN_OBJ_1(sd_info_obj, sd_info);
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// now obsolete, kept for backwards compatibility
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STATIC mp_obj_t sd_read(mp_obj_t self, mp_obj_t block_num) {
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    uint8_t *dest = m_new(uint8_t, SDCARD_BLOCK_SIZE);
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    mp_uint_t ret = sdcard_read_blocks(dest, mp_obj_get_int(block_num), 1);

    if (ret != 0) {
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        m_del(uint8_t, dest, SDCARD_BLOCK_SIZE);
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        nlr_raise(mp_obj_new_exception_msg_varg(&mp_type_Exception, "sdcard_read_blocks failed [%u]", ret));
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    }
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    return mp_obj_new_bytearray_by_ref(SDCARD_BLOCK_SIZE, dest);
}
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STATIC MP_DEFINE_CONST_FUN_OBJ_2(sd_read_obj, sd_read);
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// now obsolete, kept for backwards compatibility
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STATIC mp_obj_t sd_write(mp_obj_t self, mp_obj_t block_num, mp_obj_t data) {
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    mp_buffer_info_t bufinfo;
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    mp_get_buffer_raise(data, &bufinfo, MP_BUFFER_READ);
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    if (bufinfo.len % SDCARD_BLOCK_SIZE != 0) {
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        nlr_raise(mp_obj_new_exception_msg_varg(&mp_type_ValueError, "writes must be a multiple of %d bytes", SDCARD_BLOCK_SIZE));
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    }

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    mp_uint_t ret = sdcard_write_blocks(bufinfo.buf, mp_obj_get_int(block_num), bufinfo.len / SDCARD_BLOCK_SIZE);

    if (ret != 0) {
        nlr_raise(mp_obj_new_exception_msg_varg(&mp_type_Exception, "sdcard_write_blocks failed [%u]", ret));
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    }
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    return mp_const_none;
}
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STATIC MP_DEFINE_CONST_FUN_OBJ_3(sd_write_obj, sd_write);
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STATIC mp_obj_t pyb_sdcard_readblocks(mp_obj_t self, mp_obj_t block_num, mp_obj_t buf) {
    mp_buffer_info_t bufinfo;
    mp_get_buffer_raise(buf, &bufinfo, MP_BUFFER_WRITE);
    mp_uint_t ret = sdcard_read_blocks(bufinfo.buf, mp_obj_get_int(block_num), bufinfo.len / SDCARD_BLOCK_SIZE);
    return mp_obj_new_bool(ret == 0);
}
STATIC MP_DEFINE_CONST_FUN_OBJ_3(pyb_sdcard_readblocks_obj, pyb_sdcard_readblocks);

STATIC mp_obj_t pyb_sdcard_writeblocks(mp_obj_t self, mp_obj_t block_num, mp_obj_t buf) {
    mp_buffer_info_t bufinfo;
    mp_get_buffer_raise(buf, &bufinfo, MP_BUFFER_READ);
    mp_uint_t ret = sdcard_write_blocks(bufinfo.buf, mp_obj_get_int(block_num), bufinfo.len / SDCARD_BLOCK_SIZE);
    return mp_obj_new_bool(ret == 0);
}
STATIC MP_DEFINE_CONST_FUN_OBJ_3(pyb_sdcard_writeblocks_obj, pyb_sdcard_writeblocks);

STATIC mp_obj_t pyb_sdcard_ioctl(mp_obj_t self, mp_obj_t cmd_in, mp_obj_t arg_in) {
    mp_int_t cmd = mp_obj_get_int(cmd_in);
    switch (cmd) {
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        case BP_IOCTL_INIT:
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            if (!sdcard_power_on()) {
                return MP_OBJ_NEW_SMALL_INT(-1); // error
            }
            return MP_OBJ_NEW_SMALL_INT(0); // success

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        case BP_IOCTL_DEINIT:
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            sdcard_power_off();
            return MP_OBJ_NEW_SMALL_INT(0); // success

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        case BP_IOCTL_SYNC:
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            // nothing to do
            return MP_OBJ_NEW_SMALL_INT(0); // success

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        case BP_IOCTL_SEC_COUNT:
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            return MP_OBJ_NEW_SMALL_INT(0); // TODO

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        case BP_IOCTL_SEC_SIZE:
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            return MP_OBJ_NEW_SMALL_INT(SDCARD_BLOCK_SIZE);

        default: // unknown command
            return MP_OBJ_NEW_SMALL_INT(-1); // error
    }
}
STATIC MP_DEFINE_CONST_FUN_OBJ_3(pyb_sdcard_ioctl_obj, pyb_sdcard_ioctl);

STATIC const mp_map_elem_t pyb_sdcard_locals_dict_table[] = {
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    { MP_OBJ_NEW_QSTR(MP_QSTR_present), (mp_obj_t)&sd_present_obj },
    { MP_OBJ_NEW_QSTR(MP_QSTR_power), (mp_obj_t)&sd_power_obj },
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    { MP_OBJ_NEW_QSTR(MP_QSTR_info), (mp_obj_t)&sd_info_obj },
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    { MP_OBJ_NEW_QSTR(MP_QSTR_read), (mp_obj_t)&sd_read_obj },
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    { MP_OBJ_NEW_QSTR(MP_QSTR_write), (mp_obj_t)&sd_write_obj },
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    // block device protocol
    { MP_OBJ_NEW_QSTR(MP_QSTR_readblocks), (mp_obj_t)&pyb_sdcard_readblocks_obj },
    { MP_OBJ_NEW_QSTR(MP_QSTR_writeblocks), (mp_obj_t)&pyb_sdcard_writeblocks_obj },
    { MP_OBJ_NEW_QSTR(MP_QSTR_ioctl), (mp_obj_t)&pyb_sdcard_ioctl_obj },
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};

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STATIC MP_DEFINE_CONST_DICT(pyb_sdcard_locals_dict, pyb_sdcard_locals_dict_table);
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const mp_obj_type_t pyb_sdcard_type = {
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    { &mp_type_type },
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    .name = MP_QSTR_SDCard,
    .make_new = pyb_sdcard_make_new,
    .locals_dict = (mp_obj_t)&pyb_sdcard_locals_dict,
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};

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void sdcard_init_vfs(fs_user_mount_t *vfs) {
    vfs->flags |= FSUSER_NATIVE | FSUSER_HAVE_IOCTL;
    vfs->readblocks[0] = (mp_obj_t)&pyb_sdcard_readblocks_obj;
    vfs->readblocks[1] = (mp_obj_t)&pyb_sdcard_obj;
    vfs->readblocks[2] = (mp_obj_t)sdcard_read_blocks; // native version
    vfs->writeblocks[0] = (mp_obj_t)&pyb_sdcard_writeblocks_obj;
    vfs->writeblocks[1] = (mp_obj_t)&pyb_sdcard_obj;
    vfs->writeblocks[2] = (mp_obj_t)sdcard_write_blocks; // native version
    vfs->u.ioctl[0] = (mp_obj_t)&pyb_sdcard_ioctl_obj;
    vfs->u.ioctl[1] = (mp_obj_t)&pyb_sdcard_obj;
}

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#endif // MICROPY_HW_HAS_SDCARD