storage.c 8.19 KB
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/*
 * This file is part of the Micro Python project, http://micropython.org/
 *
 * The MIT License (MIT)
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2013, 2014 Damien P. George
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
 * THE SOFTWARE.
 */

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#include <stdint.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stm32f4xx_hal.h>

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#include "mpconfig.h"
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#include "misc.h"
#include "systick.h"
#include "qstr.h"
#include "obj.h"
#include "led.h"
#include "flash.h"
#include "storage.h"

#define CACHE_MEM_START_ADDR (0x10000000) // CCM data RAM, 64k
#define FLASH_PART1_START_BLOCK (0x100)
#define FLASH_PART1_NUM_BLOCKS (224) // 16k+16k+16k+64k=112k
#define FLASH_MEM_START_ADDR (0x08004000) // sector 1, 16k

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#define FLASH_FLAG_DIRTY        (1)
#define FLASH_FLAG_FORCE_WRITE  (2)
#define FLASH_FLAG_ERASED       (4)
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static bool flash_is_initialised = false;
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static __IO uint8_t flash_flags = 0;
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static uint32_t flash_cache_sector_id;
static uint32_t flash_cache_sector_start;
static uint32_t flash_cache_sector_size;
static uint32_t flash_tick_counter_last_write;

static void flash_cache_flush(void) {
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    if (flash_flags & FLASH_FLAG_DIRTY) {
        flash_flags |= FLASH_FLAG_FORCE_WRITE;
        while (flash_flags & FLASH_FLAG_DIRTY) {
           NVIC->STIR = FLASH_IRQn;
        }
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    }
}

static uint8_t *flash_cache_get_addr_for_write(uint32_t flash_addr) {
    uint32_t flash_sector_start;
    uint32_t flash_sector_size;
    uint32_t flash_sector_id = flash_get_sector_info(flash_addr, &flash_sector_start, &flash_sector_size);
    if (flash_cache_sector_id != flash_sector_id) {
        flash_cache_flush();
        memcpy((void*)CACHE_MEM_START_ADDR, (const void*)flash_sector_start, flash_sector_size);
        flash_cache_sector_id = flash_sector_id;
        flash_cache_sector_start = flash_sector_start;
        flash_cache_sector_size = flash_sector_size;
    }
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    flash_flags |= FLASH_FLAG_DIRTY;
    led_state(PYB_LED_R1, 1); // indicate a dirty cache with LED on
    flash_tick_counter_last_write = HAL_GetTick();
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    return (uint8_t*)CACHE_MEM_START_ADDR + flash_addr - flash_sector_start;
}

static uint8_t *flash_cache_get_addr_for_read(uint32_t flash_addr) {
    uint32_t flash_sector_start;
    uint32_t flash_sector_size;
    uint32_t flash_sector_id = flash_get_sector_info(flash_addr, &flash_sector_start, &flash_sector_size);
    if (flash_cache_sector_id == flash_sector_id) {
        // in cache, copy from there
        return (uint8_t*)CACHE_MEM_START_ADDR + flash_addr - flash_sector_start;
    }
    // not in cache, copy straight from flash
    return (uint8_t*)flash_addr;
}

void storage_init(void) {
    if (!flash_is_initialised) {
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        flash_flags = 0;
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        flash_cache_sector_id = 0;
        flash_tick_counter_last_write = 0;
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        flash_is_initialised = true;
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    }
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    // Enable the flash IRQ, which is used to also call our storage IRQ handler
    // It needs to go at a higher priority than all those components that rely on
    // the flash storage (eg higher than USB MSC).
    HAL_NVIC_SetPriority(FLASH_IRQn, 1, 1);
    HAL_NVIC_EnableIRQ(FLASH_IRQn);
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}

uint32_t storage_get_block_size(void) {
    return FLASH_BLOCK_SIZE;
}

uint32_t storage_get_block_count(void) {
    return FLASH_PART1_START_BLOCK + FLASH_PART1_NUM_BLOCKS;
}

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void storage_irq_handler(void) {
    if (!(flash_flags & FLASH_FLAG_DIRTY)) {
        return;
    }

    // This code uses interrupts to erase the flash
    /*
    if (flash_erase_state == 0) {
        flash_erase_it(flash_cache_sector_start, (const uint32_t*)CACHE_MEM_START_ADDR, flash_cache_sector_size / 4);
        flash_erase_state = 1;
        return;
    }

    if (flash_erase_state == 1) {
        // wait for erase
        // TODO add timeout
        #define flash_erase_done() (__HAL_FLASH_GET_FLAG(FLASH_FLAG_BSY) == RESET)
        if (!flash_erase_done()) {
            return;
        }
        flash_erase_state = 2;
    }
    */

    // This code erases the flash directly, waiting for it to finish
    if (!(flash_flags & FLASH_FLAG_ERASED)) {
        flash_erase(flash_cache_sector_start, (const uint32_t*)CACHE_MEM_START_ADDR, flash_cache_sector_size / 4);
        flash_flags |= FLASH_FLAG_ERASED;
        return;
    }

    // If not a forced write, wait at least 5 seconds after last write to flush
    // On file close and flash unmount we get a forced write, so we can afford to wait a while
    if ((flash_flags & FLASH_FLAG_FORCE_WRITE) || sys_tick_has_passed(flash_tick_counter_last_write, 5000)) {
        // sync the cache RAM buffer by writing it to the flash page
        flash_write(flash_cache_sector_start, (const uint32_t*)CACHE_MEM_START_ADDR, flash_cache_sector_size / 4);
        // clear the flash flags now that we have a clean cache
        flash_flags = 0;
        // indicate a clean cache with LED off
        led_state(PYB_LED_R1, 0);
    }
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}

void storage_flush(void) {
    flash_cache_flush();
}

static void build_partition(uint8_t *buf, int boot, int type, uint32_t start_block, uint32_t num_blocks) {
    buf[0] = boot;

    if (num_blocks == 0) {
        buf[1] = 0;
        buf[2] = 0;
        buf[3] = 0;
    } else {
        buf[1] = 0xff;
        buf[2] = 0xff;
        buf[3] = 0xff;
    }

    buf[4] = type;

    if (num_blocks == 0) {
        buf[5] = 0;
        buf[6] = 0;
        buf[7] = 0;
    } else {
        buf[5] = 0xff;
        buf[6] = 0xff;
        buf[7] = 0xff;
    }

    buf[8] = start_block;
    buf[9] = start_block >> 8;
    buf[10] = start_block >> 16;
    buf[11] = start_block >> 24;

    buf[12] = num_blocks;
    buf[13] = num_blocks >> 8;
    buf[14] = num_blocks >> 16;
    buf[15] = num_blocks >> 24;
}

bool storage_read_block(uint8_t *dest, uint32_t block) {
    //printf("RD %u\n", block);
    if (block == 0) {
        // fake the MBR so we can decide on our own partition table

        for (int i = 0; i < 446; i++) {
            dest[i] = 0;
        }

        build_partition(dest + 446, 0, 0x01 /* FAT12 */, FLASH_PART1_START_BLOCK, FLASH_PART1_NUM_BLOCKS);
        build_partition(dest + 462, 0, 0, 0, 0);
        build_partition(dest + 478, 0, 0, 0, 0);
        build_partition(dest + 494, 0, 0, 0, 0);

        dest[510] = 0x55;
        dest[511] = 0xaa;

        return true;

    } else if (FLASH_PART1_START_BLOCK <= block && block < FLASH_PART1_START_BLOCK + FLASH_PART1_NUM_BLOCKS) {
        // non-MBR block, get data from flash memory, possibly via cache
        uint32_t flash_addr = FLASH_MEM_START_ADDR + (block - FLASH_PART1_START_BLOCK) * FLASH_BLOCK_SIZE;
        uint8_t *src = flash_cache_get_addr_for_read(flash_addr);
        memcpy(dest, src, FLASH_BLOCK_SIZE);
        return true;

    } else {
        // bad block number
        return false;
    }
}

bool storage_write_block(const uint8_t *src, uint32_t block) {
    //printf("WR %u\n", block);
    if (block == 0) {
        // can't write MBR, but pretend we did
        return true;

    } else if (FLASH_PART1_START_BLOCK <= block && block < FLASH_PART1_START_BLOCK + FLASH_PART1_NUM_BLOCKS) {
        // non-MBR block, copy to cache
        uint32_t flash_addr = FLASH_MEM_START_ADDR + (block - FLASH_PART1_START_BLOCK) * FLASH_BLOCK_SIZE;
        uint8_t *dest = flash_cache_get_addr_for_write(flash_addr);
        memcpy(dest, src, FLASH_BLOCK_SIZE);
        return true;

    } else {
        // bad block number
        return false;
    }
}